Occupational therapy is the application of goal oriented and purposeful activity in the assessment and treatment of individuals with psychological, physical or developmental disabilities. Occupational therapy can be described as the art and science of challenging an individual’s effort in specially selected activities that have been designed to restore and enhance his or her performance. Any activity, which engages a person’s resources of time and energy and is composed of skills and values.
Occupational Therapy is a profession concerned with promoting health and wellbeing through occupation. Occupations are the everyday meaningful activities that people engage in or occupy themselves in.
The primary goal of Occupational Therapy is to identify a person’s strengths and barriers to functioning and, in turn, enable them to participate in necessary and desired activities (occupations) and fulfill life roles. Occupational Therapists are registered health professionals, with an interest in improving the functional abilities of their clients (client as referred to in this document relates to the person undertaking the service).
Role of Occupational Therapy in Mental Health
Occupational Therapists are health professionals who work with you to increase your Independence in and satisfaction with the everyday activities and roles that give meaning to your life. Occupational Therapists work as part of a team of mental health Multidisciplinary professionals. An occupational therapist will help to develop personal goals and to understand what is preventing from reaching these goals. Occupational therapist will then support, using strengths, to achieve these goals. One might see the Occupational therapist individually, as part of a group or both.
Plan may include some of the following:
- Gaining a better understanding of your mental health so you can take an active part in your wellness and recovery.
- Developing the skills you need to live more independently such as shopping.
- Cooking, budgeting, using public transport and home management.
- Finding a routine that allows you to do everything you want or need to do in your life.
- Learning how to cope with stress or anxiety.
- Taking part in enjoyable activities.
- Making friends and finding social support.
- Returning to or staying in work or education.
- Taking part in the life roles that are important to you and define who you are.
- Getting in touch with community groups or organizations because you are a unique person your occupational therapy plan will be designed with you taking into account what is important for your mental health and the quality of your life.
Our Occupational therapy department:
In O.T department we have different units for different type of activities for both male and female patients. The unit which we have at our department is:Vocational Training Unit:
Dona-patal making machine, pottery making machine, sewing machine, computer, printing machine.Art and Craft Activity Unit:
Thermacol art, envelope making, greeting card making ice cream stick art, painting, stitching, ceramic art.Music Unit:
Harmonium, casio, tabla, organ.Stress Management and Relaxation Therapy Unit:
Bio feedback machine.Play and Recreational Unit:
Group therapy in Occupational therapy department
|Sl. No.||Particular||Objective||Activities||Cases||Group Size|
|1||Developmental group therapy||Members encouraged interacting and
developing their skill progressively.
Patients /clients are placed in to group environment that best suit their developmental level.
|We uses range of task and social activities for this group.||Used in: schizophrenic and psychotic cases||Member: 5-6|
|2||Psychodynamic communication group therapy||Patients /clients are placed in to this group for communication and to express their thoughts and feeling. Interaction within group offer opportunity for sharing, ego strengthening and reality testing.||We use group discussion for this group.||Used in all type of cases.||Member: 5-6|
|3||Projective group therapy||Aim to placed patients / clients in this group to explore individuals inner world and to uncover underlying conflicts through free association and symbolism of Art work.||We use painting, drawing, art and craft activities for this group.||Used in any type of cases||Member: 5-6|
|4||Psycho-educational modular group||Patient /client are placed in to group for Stress management.||
||used in mood, anxiety and depressive disorder cases||Member: 5-6|
Activities in occupational therapy department:
|1||Substance abuse||Activity in which patient uses his talent.||Singing, painting, psychodrama, drawing.|
|2||Anxiety||Simple concrete task with not more than 3-4 steps.||Sweeping, washing weeding garden.|
|3||Depression||Simple concrete task which are achievable.||Art and craft work.|
|4||Mania||Non competitive activities that allows the use of energy and expression of feelings.||Raking grass.|
|5||Schizophrenia||Non competitive solitary meaningful tasks that require some degree of concentration.||Puzzle-solving.|
|6||Antisocial personality||Group activities to increase feeling of belonging and self worth.||Cover making, envelope making|