Pharmaco Therapy help to reduce the psychotic symptoms and allows the patient to function more effectively.
To relieve the feelings of guilty and to reduce the stress of the patient.
Psychotherapy is a general term for a way of treating mental and emotional disorders by talking about your condition and elated issues with a mental health professional.Psychotherapy can help alleviate symptoms caused by mental illness, such as hopelessness and anger, so that you can regain a sense of happiness, enjoyment and control in your life.
Common types of psychotherapy include
Art therapy, also called creative art therapy, uses the creative process to help people who might have difficulty expressing their thoughts and feelings. Creative arts can help you increase self-awareness, cope with symptoms and traumatic experiences, and foster positive changes. Creative art therapy includes music, dance and movement, drama, drawing, painting and even poetry.
Behavior therapy focuses on changing unwanted or unhealthy behaviors, typically using a system of rewards, reinforcements of positive behavior and desensitization. Desensitization is a process of confronting something that causes anxiety, fear or discomfort and overcoming those responses. If you have a fear of germs that triggers you to excessively wash your hands, for instance, you might be taught techniques to stop your excessive washing.
Cognitive therapy is designed to help you identify and change distorted thought (cognitive) patterns that can lead to feelings and behaviors that are troublesome, self-defeating or self-destructive. It's based on the premise that how you interpret your experiences in life determines the way you feel and behave. If you have depression, for instance, you might see yourself and your experiences in negative ways, which worsens the symptoms of depression. Like behavior therapy, cognitive therapy focuses on your current problem, rather than addressing underlying or past issues or conflicts. Unlike behavior therapy, however, your experiences are an important part of the cognitive therapy process.
Cognitive-behavior therapy combines features of both cognitive and behavior therapies to identify unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replace them with healthy, positive ones. It's based on the idea that your own thoughts are not other people or situations are determine how you behave. Even if an unwanted situation doesn't change, you can change the way you think and behave in a positive way.
Dialectical behavior therapy
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive-behavior therapy. Its primary objective is to teach behavioral skills to help you tolerate stress, regulate your emotions and improve your relationships with others. It was originally designed for people with borderline personality disorder, who often have suicidal behavior. But DBT has been adapted for people with other conditions, too, including eating disorders and substance abuse. Dialectical behavior therapy is derived, in part, from a philosophical process called dialectics, in which seemingly contradictory facts or ideas are weighed against each other to come up with a resolution or balance. For instance, you might learn about accepting who you are while at the same time making changes in your thoughts and behaviors.
Exposure therapy is a form of behavior therapy that deliberately exposes you to the very thing that you find upsetting or disturbing. It's especially useful for people with obsessive-compulsive disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder. Under controlled circumstances, exposure to the event or things that trigger your obsessive thoughts or traumatic reactions can help you learn to cope with them effectively.
Interpersonal therapy focuses on your current relationships with other people. The goal is to improve your interpersonal skills are how you relate to others, including family, friends and colleagues. You learn how to evaluate the way you interact with others and develop strategies for dealing with relationship and communication problems.
Play therapy is geared mainly for young children at specific developmental levels. It makes use of a variety of techniques, including playing with dolls or toys, painting or other activities. These techniques allow children to more easily express emotions and feelings if they lack the cognitive development to express themselves with words.
These Medications help to reduce symptoms psychosis.
Helpful in assisting patients to acquire skills for daily life and social interaction
Rehabilitation help patients to overcome difficulties by giving vocational and job training, problem solving, money management skills, use of public Transportation and training in social skills.
To relieve the feeling of guilt and to reduce the stress of patient.
Caring for a Psychologically ill Patient
People with schizophrenia find it hard to lead normal lives.they tend to withdraw from social interactions, family and care givers plan an extremely important role in the treatment of such individuals.
- Gain adequate knowledge about the disease from a doctor.
- Show adequate interest in caring for the patient during treatment.
- Patients would need assistance in their daily chores.
- Ensure that the patient takes medicines on time.
- Seek Professional help to take care of the patient as well as to manage their stress.
- Communicating effectively with the patient is very important.
- It is important to show appreciation of any small task done by the patient.
- Family and care givers should control their own emotions while caring for a patient with schizophrenia.
- Keep records of all medications prescribed.
- Emergency contact names,address & telephone number should be eaisly accessible.